What is a Septal Defect?
A septal defect is a hole or opening in the muscular wall between the two atrial or ventricular chambers of the heart. All septal defects including Atrial septal defects, patent foramen ovale (PFO) and Ventricular septal defects (VSD) are present at birth (congenital). They may, however, not be diagnosed until adulthood when heart failure, arrhythmias, or stroke symptoms develop. Not all require closure. PFO, for example, is common in 21 percent of the general population. Only when associated with stroke or other complications is closure indicated. Options for septal defect closure include catheter-based technology, endoscopic surgery, and open surgery.
Ventricular & Atrial Septal Defect Closure Surgery
In many cases, depending on type and size of the defect, surgical closure may be necessary. At Northwest Regional Heart and Vascular septal defect closure can almost always be performed minimally invasively utilizing endoscopic robotic assisted technology. In some cases either minimally invasive surgical techniques or percutaneous closure devices are reasonable options. The primary advantages of minimally invasive surgical closure is the avoidance of a percutaneously placed foreign body that requires blood-thinning medication post-procedure. The average hospital stay is three days and no activity restrictions are necessary.
A foramen secundum defect is the most common type of atrial septal defect and can be readily closed with your own tissue utilizing minimally invasive surgical techniques.